Exploring the 10 Different Types of Technical Writing

exploring the 10 different types of technical writings

The various technical writing types cover a wide range of businesses and industries, from in-depth technical reports to thoroughly researched white papers. A technical writer is frequently tasked with writing various types of documents, such as training manuals, bid documentation, and general business writing documentation, such as forms, templates, and presentations.

There is a need for technical writers in every organization to produce simple-to-understand technical documentation to help explain complex processes for the organization’s product’s end-users, clients, and internal workforce. We encounter various types of technical writing at every stage of our lives and careers because this content genre is so prevalent. Many managers and leaders are now focusing on improving technical writing abilities.

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Understanding Technical Writing Types

What is Technical Writing?

Complex or technical processes that are challenging to understand are documented through technical writing. It is a branch of business communication that falls under the broad category of technical communication. User manuals, reports, FAQs, wiki pages, and other technical writing types can be produced as technical documents, videos, and other types of content.

There is no particular style for writing technical documents. The organization or person creating the content and the audience determine the formatting, writing style, tone, and degree of difficulty. All technical writing aims to be as clear as possible when describing a technical procedure or presenting your research findings.

Some Tools for Technical Writing

Technical writers and documentation specialists must be very familiar with a few tools in addition to their skills and processing phases if they want to advance their careers and take on more responsibility within an organization. These tools vary based on the fields and specifications in which they are employed.

  • Microsoft Word
  • Microsoft Visio
  • Adobe RoboHelp
  • Adobe FrameMaker
  • WordPress
  • Text Editor for HTML
  • Windows Snipping Tool

11 Types of Technical Writing You Should Know

1. Assistance Guides/User Manuals

Technical writing comes in a variety of forms. Step-by-step instructions, learner’s manuals, and instruction books fall under this category. The instruction manuals could include the user manual for your new vacuum cleaner or a tutorial on how to use a specific piece of software. These are most likely the kinds of technical writing documents we come across daily.

2. Medical Writing

medical writing

Technical writing that deals with medical research, diagnosis, and treatment is known as medical technical writing. It might also involve running hospitals or other public health facilities. Clinical research or summarizing a study’s findings are both possible components of medical technical writing. It might also suggest brand-new medications or therapies.

It might also involve writing about medical ethics and medical history. Medical terminology is frequently complex and specialized to a field or topic, making medical technical writing challenging. Furthermore, complex sentence structures that accurately convey information are a common feature of technical writing in the medical field.

3. Brochures

Another type of technical writing is brochures. Many businesses require assistance in creating promotional brochures. The technical writer must inform potential clients of the offer being made and include a call to action for contacting them.

Key phrases used by technical writers can be very helpful when creating marketing emails, sales letters, or product leaflets, among other types of promotional materials. Technical writers use key phrases to persuade potential customers to buy products by providing clear descriptions and functions.

4. White Papers

White papers are promotional materials used to showcase the accomplishments of a business’s goods or services. The technical writer is in charge of researching challenging subjects and incorporating products from the business.

5. Reports


A report details a project’s results, and a wide range of technical reports exist in today’s time. Common types of technical reports include a feasibility report, laboratory report as a medical writer, and annual report.

6. API Documentation

The application programming interface (API) documentation serves as a guide for utilizing and integrating the API (API). It is written for technical users who want to advance with their software creation. It exchanges specialized information and task schemas for computer programs.

7. Technical Description

Information about an object or process is communicated using a variety of technical writing styles. Users can learn about the features and capabilities of a product from technical descriptions. The first steps in writing a good technical description are to give an overview of the process or object, name, and describe its use.

See more: Business Writing Vs. Technical Writing: Similarities and Key Differences

8. End User Documentation

End-user documentation is created with the customer in mind. It must be concise and easy to understand by readers who are not tech savvy, with clear examples. Technical knowledge is required for end-user documentation. A product or service must come with a variety of end-user instructions if it has been developed at different levels of complexity for the users.

9. Bid Documentation

One of the most common technical writing types is bid documentation. It is used to request proposals and describe the components of a project. Estimates, specifications, and project plans are examples of elements. It provides the information suppliers, or bidders need to submit bids.

10. Standard Operating Procedures

A standard operating procedure, or SOP, is a set of guidelines for carrying out specific operational tasks. These actions guarantee adherence to legal requirements, industry standards, or corporate quality standards. SOPs are typically required in industries such as manufacturing, warehousing, and restaurants. SOPs involve complex topics and breaking down complicated subject matter.

11. Policies

A policy describes the protocols and expectations for behavior for a particular scope, such as a business, a product, or a project. It includes specifications for the business, item, or project to succeed. A company’s cybersecurity policy could serve as an illustration. Instead of relying on jargon, try to use plain language when describing policies. Keep in mind that the reader should have no trouble understanding the document.


By now, you must be aware of the various types of technical writing. However, knowing the types or formats is not enough. A bunch of technical writing skills will help you shine in 2023. It would help if you worked on consistently improving your research skills with efficient planning beforehand.

Besides being technically sound, it is equally important to develop a strong sense of observation which will aid in picking valuable data from an ocean of random information. You can also hire content creation services for all your content writing requirements. Their team of professional writers has years of experience with various technical writing types.

Read more: 6 Tips to Create Content that Converts – Content Marketing!

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